Developmental Milestones (ages 0-1)
Developmental Milestones for Your Child’s First Year of Life
It is important to be aware of your child’s physical developmental and milestones they should be reaching and at what age they should be reaching them. Being conscious of where your child is developmentally will help to determine if there are any red flags and or areas of concern. If there are, please address this with your child’s pediatrician.
Pathways is a great resource for parents and educators to help learn more about your child’s developmental domains. The following chart of baby’s physical development I have taken from pathways.org
What your child should be doing by what age
By 3 months
Speech: sucks and swallows well during feeding. Quiets or smiles in response to sound or voice. Coos or vocalizes other than crying. Turns head toward direction of sound.
Play: visually tracks a moving toy from side to side. Attempts to reach for a rattle held above their chest. Keeps head in the middle to watch faces or toys.
Physical: Pushes up on arms, while on tummy. Lifts and holds head up, while on tummy.
By 6 months
Speech: Begins to use consonant sounds in babbling “dada.” Uses babbling to get attention. Begins to eat cereals and pureed foods.
Play: Reaches for a nearby toy while on their tummy. Transfers a toy from one hand to the other, while on back. Reaches both hands to play with feet, while on back.
Physical: Uses hands to support self in sitting. Rolls from back to tummy. While standing with support, accepts entire weight with legs.
By 9 months
Speech: Increases variety of sounds and syllable combinations in babbling. Looks at familiar objects and people when named. Begins to eat junior and mashed table foods.
Play: In a high chair, holds and drinks from a bottle. Explores and examines and object using both hands. Turns several pages of a chunky book at once. In simple play imitates others.
Physical: Sits and reaches for toys without falling. Moves from tummy or back to sitting. Creeps on hands and knees with alternate arms and leg movement.
By 12 months
Speech: Meaningful uses “mama,” or “dada.” Responds to simple commands, “come here.” Produces long strings of gibbersh in social communication. Begins to use an open cup.
Play: Finger feeds self. Releases objects into a container with large opening. Uses thumb and pointer finger to pick up tiny objects.
Physical: pulls to stand and cruises along furniture. Stands alone and takes several independent steps.
By 15 months
Speech: Vocabulary consists of 5-10 words. Imitates new, less familiar words. Understands 50 words. Increase variety of coarsely chopped table foods.
Play: Stacks two objects or blocks. Helps with getting undressed. Holds and drinks from a cup.
Physical: Walks independently and seldom falls. Squats to pick up a toy.